Bioenergy research is a key ongoing research program to provide new alternative fuel solutions. Texas A&M AgriLife Research bioenergy research spans the full range of discovery – from developing high-tonnage biomass plants at the molecular level to developing more efficient processes to manufacture biofuels. The Bioenergy Program has made AgriLife Research a national leader in bioenergy and bioproducts research, development, and commercialization, due to its innovative science-based programs, expertise, infrastructure, and partnerships. The Bioenergy Program includes management of research projects and facilitating faculty research.
High-tonnage sorghum and other crops developed specifically for biomass for bioenergy have attracted attention throughout the U.S. and the world. Lignocellulosic feedstocks include high-tonnage sorghum, energy canes, and hybrid sweet sorghum. Economically sustainable oilseed crops for biodiesel and bioproducts production are varied and include jatropha, castor, cottonseed, and sunflower. Due to its very high oil content, microalgae garners interest as production of jet fuels and other bioproducts. AgriLife Research has an operating pilot plant in Pecos, Texas, with future plans to construct two more plants.